|2016.6.9 - 2016.8.7|
|Long Gallery, Nave|
From 9 June to 7 August 2016, the Ullens Center for Contemporary Art (UCCA) presents “John Gerrard: Power.Play,” the artist’s first exhibition in China and most comprehensive institutional solo show to date. The exhibition features three major works: Solar Reserve (Tonopah, Nevada) 2014, a painstakingly accurate, virtual portrait of a functioning solar farm; Farm (Pryor Creek, Oklahoma) 2015, a digitally modeled composite of one of Google’s server centers in Oklahoma; Exercise (Dunhuang) 2014, a reconstruction based on satellite imagery of a system of roadways located mysteriously in the middle of the Gobi Desert, which then becomes the site for a lengthy elimination game played among avatars modeled on factory workers in Guangzhou; and. Together the works raise important questions not only about key issues of the present historical moment such as power and surveillance, but about the very nature of the work of art in the digital age.
In his works of the past fifteen years, John Gerrard has pioneered the use of post-cinematic, virtual space through complex algorithms that generate imagery in real time. Deceptively similar to film or video, his works are simulations: virtual, graphical worlds that exist outside of physical time. Often exploring geographically isolated locations—be they the agrarian American Great Plains or remote reaches of the Gobi Desert—Gerrard’s works frequently refer to structures of power and networks of energy that have coincided with the expansion of human endeavor in the past century.
Illuminating the entryway of the Nave with the image of 10,000 mirrors, Solar Reserve (Tonopah, Nevada) 2014 is a portrait realized as a virtual world, a massive light sculpture depicting a power plant located in the Mojave Desert. Everything appearing in the work has a real world antecedent copied by hand with 3D design software. As an artist, the game engine is Gerrard’s primary medium, and the artwork is exported as a piece of software, which, here, produces a non-durational image in real time projected without frame. This post-cinematic portal meditatively glides along a sixty minute orbit around the solar plant, a symbol of humanity’s reliance on and resistance to solar rhythm.
John Gerrard’s other works involve similar feats of documentation followed by painstaking digital replication. His requests for access to sites, however, are not always met with welcome. Such was the case for Farm (Pryor Creek, Oklahoma) 2015. Rebuffed by Google, Gerrard hired a helicopter to assist in the production of a covert photographic survey of one of the company’s server centers, or “data farms,” in Oklahoma. While this process is not considered a part of the final work, it illustrates the guerilla-style production tactics the artist feels are necessary in approaching topographically extreme sites. Here, “extreme” describes both the surrounding geography—barren countryside—and the (conspiratorial) regulations delimiting access to these otherwise banal regions. Extending Gerrard’s “Grow Finish Unit” series, which focuses on architecturally similar, computer-controlled pork production units in the American Midwest, Farm (Pryor Creek, Oklahoma) 2015 is a synecdoche of the information systems and power structures that organize the resources enabling it, eerily reminding viewers of the direct influence digital space carries over the real landscape.
Work on Exercise (Dunhuang) 2014 began when a friend informed Gerrard of a mysterious network of roadways the size of a small town in the heart of the Gobi Desert. After visiting the site in person, Gerrard digitally reconstructed it using satellite depth-scans of the markings. To add another layer, Gerrard has placed avatars based on motion scans of thirty-nine workers from a Guangzhou computer manufacturing plant, wearing blue uniforms and paper bonnets, into the simulation, their movements as they wander through the vast network mirroring those of the actual workers. The players’ paths across what can be read as a game board, landscape, or gigantic stage are determined by the A* algorithm used in GPS route-finding systems. The entire performance, play, competition, or exercise is depicted by three different virtual cameras: from human head height, from the point of view of a circling low-flying drone, and from a satellite’s vertical perspective. Viewers of the dispassionate surveillance are telepresent and omniscient, yet strangely disconnected.
About the Exhibition
“John Gerrard: Power.Play” is curated by UCCA Director Philip Tinari with assistant curator Guo Xi. The video equipment sponsor for the exhibition is Christie Digital System (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. The exhibition is supported by the Embassy of Ireland in China. Audio guide is supported by VART. The exhibition is accompanied by a bilingual publication that includes essays by Robin Mackay and Manuel Shvartzberg as well as a dialogue between Gerrard and Robin Peckham.
On the occasion of the exhibition, UCCA and John Gerrard have organized “Image.Object”, a series of master-class workshops focused on developing skills in 3D imaging to take place at four of China’s leading art schools: China Central Academy of Arts (Beijing), China Academy of Art (Hangzhou), Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts, and Lu Xun Academy of Fine Arts (Shenyang). Students are coached through processes inherent to John Gerrard’s works from conception to execution of an original artwork: producing 3D scans, importing the scans into game engines, and setting the diagnostics for a new simulated environment. Concepts and finished works will be assessed by John Gerrard and critiqued in the workshop setting. Each workshop concludes with an informal exhibition of completed student works.
About the Artist
John Gerrard (b. 1974, Dublin) now lives and works in Dublin, Ireland, and Vienna, Austria. Recent solo exhibitions of Gerrard’s work include “Solar Reserve” (Lincoln Centre in association with the Public Art Fund, NYC, 2014); “Dialogue (John Gerrard / David Claerbout)” (MuHKA, Antwerp, 2014); “Exercise” (Borusan Contemporary, Istanbul, 2014); “Pulp Press” (Kistefos) (Kistefos Museet, Norway, 2013), “Exercise (Djibouti)” (Modern Art Oxford, 2012); and “Infinite Freedom Exercise” Manchester International Festival (2011). Gerrard’s work is in private and institutional collections internationally, including Tate, London; Pinakotek der Moderne, Munich; Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin; Fondation Louis Vuitton, Paris; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington; and SFMoMA, San Francisco.
- Exercise (Dunhuang) 2014
- dimensions variable
- Courtesy the artist, Simon Preston Gallery, New York, Thomas Dane Gallery, London.
"John Gerrard: Power.Play" Exhibition Opening3'01''
Interview with John Gerrard5'44''
John Gerrard, Solar Reserve (Tonopah, Nevada) 201429'50''
John Gerrard, Farm (Pryor Creek, Oklahoma) 201529'50''
John Gerrard, Exercise (Dunhuang) 201411'31''
John Gerrard, Exercise (Dunhuang) 201429'50''
John Gerrard, Exercise (Dunhuang) 201429'50''